The Consolidated Appeals Process
The Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP) is a programme
cycle for aid organisations to plan, coordinate, fund, implement, and monitor
their response to disasters and emergencies, in consultation with governments.
The CAP contributes significantly to developing a strategic
approach to humanitarian action, and fosters close cooperation between host
governments, donors, aid agencies, and in particular between NGOs, the Red
Cross Movement, IOM and UN agencies. Working together in the world's crisis
regions, they produce a Common Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP) and an appeal
The Common Humanitarian
Action Plan (CHAP)
The CHAP outlines humanitarian action in a given country
or region. It provides: - Analysis of the context in which humanitarian takes
place; - Best, worst, and most likely scenarios; - Analysis of need and a
statement of priorities; - Roles and responsibilities, i.e. who does what
and where; and - A clear link to longer-term objectives and goals; - A framework
for monitoring the strategy and revising it if necessary.
The CHAP is the foundation for developing a Consolidated
The Consolidated Appeals
Consolidated Appeals present a snapshot of situations,
response plans, resource requirements, and monitoring arrangements. If the
situation or people's needs change, any part of an appeal can be revised at
Whenever crises break or natural disasters occur, humanitarian
partners develop a Flash Appeal to address people's most urgent needs. This
can later become a Consolidated Appeal.
Humanitarian Coordinators are responsible for preparing
the Consolidated Appeals, launched globally by the UN Secretary-General before
the beginning of each calendar year. Mid-Year Reviews are presented to donors
in July of each year.
Who benefits from the CAP?
People struck by disasters and emergencies count on
coordinated and effective assistance and protection, on time.
Humanitarian agencies reinforce their ability to plan
and respond jointly, efficiently, and holistically, thereby enhancing the
credibility of humanitarian response.
Governments rely on Appeals for a "one-stop" overview
of humanitarian action, and help ensure that funds are spent strategically
Donors provide resources directly to appealing agencies
in response to projects in appeals. Listing NGO and UN projects in an appeal
enables the aid community to present a more complete picture of need and the
financial requirements to address them.
The Financial Tracking Service (FTS), managed by the
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA),
shows humanitarian funding needs and contributions in a continually updated
on-line database see Financial Tracking
Since 1992, about one hundred donor countries have provided
US$29 billion for 240 appeals to address the needs of people in more than
fifty countries and regions, such as Angola, Bolivia, Bangladesh, Ethiopia,
Former Yugoslavia, Haiti, Indonesia, Iraq, Sudan, and West Africa.
Who manages the CAP?
Relief Coordinator is responsible for the CAP at headquarters and Humanitarian
Coordinators lead the process in the field.
To support them, the
Inter-Agency Standing Committee
established a Sub-working Group on the CAP,
which each month brings together aid agencies to further issues such as needs
analysis and prioritisation, training and workshops in the field, and resource
Office for the Coordination
of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) has a specific team, which each day works
on the CAP with NGOs, the Red Cross Movement, IOM, UN agencies, and governments.
In sum, the CAP aims to get people in need the best
available protection and assistance, on time.